For example, U.S. Treasuries, which are relatively safe and highly liquid assets, have little or no haircut, while more volatile or less tradable assets could have discounts of up to 50%. On the due date, the buyer returns the security to the seller. At the same time, the seller refunds the initial amount in cash to the buyer, plus an amount of interest, in order to use the cash. The interest rate used is called reposatz. Rest is generally calculated on the basis of the money market, 360 , (see Figure 2). A haircut has two ways. The term haircut is most often used when the percentage difference between the market value of an asset and the amount that can be used as collateral for a loan is referenced. There is a difference between these values because market prices change over time, which the lender needs to consider.
For example, if a person needs a $10,000 loan and wants to use their $10,000 equity portfolio as collateral, the bank will likely recognize the $10,000 portfolio as collateral of $5,000. The impairment of 5,000 or 50% of the asset value for collateral is called “Haircut.” Lower reductions allow for higher leverage. Haircut plays an important role in many types of transactions, such as pension transactions (called “repo” in debt financing, but not to be confused with the concept of withdrawal that this term refers to in consumer financing) and reverse repo transactions in debt instrument financing). Buyback/sale transactions are identical to repurchase transactions in terms of collateral movements and cash flow. Two parties participate in a repo transaction, the buyer and the seller. There are two exchanges taking place. One is at the beginning of trade, the other is mature. Why are there haircuts? Because some bonds are riskier than others. The buyer will look at the warranties for the refund if the seller is late. If security has a volatile price history, the buyer is in danger. The security may fall at the precise moment they will enser.
To reduce this risk, a haircut is imposed. During the trading period, the buyer may use the warranties for delivery or repo. And if the seller does not return the cash, the buyer can look at the guarantees for the refund. If rest for a given safety decreases in this way, rest is designated as a special rate. During the duration of the transaction, market risk and credit risk remain the responsibility of the seller. (Because he agreed to repurchase the asset for a sum of money agreed at maturity). If the trade is properly documented if the warranty has a coupon for the duration of the pension period, the buyer is required to pay it to the Seller.