But anti-base lawmakers have argued that the prolonged U.S. presence in the country undermines the Philippines` sovereignty, while others feared it would promote prostitution in the region. While the agreement expires in 1992, the Philippines and the United States conducted joint military exercises with the ratification of the Visiting Forces Agreement in 1999. In 2012, the Philippines and the United States conducted joint military exercises.  As of 2012, a U.S. A military contingent of 600, including Navy Seals and Seabees, is deployed “indefinitely” in the southern Philippines, in a declared non-combatant role, around Philippine forces in operations against the Al-Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf terrorist group, mainly on the island of Basilan, in western Mindanao, and in the Sulu Islands, in particular Jolo, a long-standing stronghold of Abu Sayyaf, the Employment and Policy Commission  In accordance with the Basic Agreement, the United States maintained and operated large facilities until November 1991 at Clark Air Base and the Subic Bay Naval Complex, as well as on several small subsidiaries in the Philippines until November 1992. In July 1991, negotiators from both countries agreed on a draft treaty providing for the clean-up and handover of Clark to the Philippine government in 1992, as well as the lease of the subic Bay naval base by the United States. for ten years.  Until 1991, operations at Clark had already declined due to the end of the Cold War, with the last fighter jet withdrawing in 1990, before the base was severely damaged by the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991.  Following the signing of the Manila Declaration, representatives of the United States and the Philippines met to sign a new partnership aimed at strengthening economic and defensive relations between the two countries. This new formal agreement is the Partnership for Growth.
The new agreement is part of President Obama`s comprehensive development initiative, which aims to strengthen the Philippines` business development and trade relations between the two countries.  At the signing ceremony of this new agreement, Secretary of State Clinton reaffirmed the United States` position on the mutual defense of the Philippines with the statement “The United States will always be in the corner of the Philippines.” We will always stand by your side and fight to achieve the future we want.  What is the MBA? The Military Base Agreement of 1947 (MBA) is a joint agreement between the Philippines and the United States, signed on March 16, 1947. This treaty officially allowed the United States to build, maintain, and operate air and naval bases in the country. It provided for about 23 listed bases and utilities to be used by the Americans for a period of 99 years. The largest of these bases was the 180,000-hectare Clark Air Force Base in Pampanga, the largest U.S. air base outside the continental United States; and the subic naval base in Zambales. Other provisions of the 29-article MBA are as follows: The standoff between Scarborough Shoal and China and the ongoing dispute over the Spratly Islands have led the Philippines to consider strengthening its military relations with the United States. In 2012, a senior Philippine defense official said that U.S. troops, warships, and aircraft, as long as they had prior permission from the Philippine government, could reuse their former naval and air facilities at Subic Bay Naval Base and Clark Air Base.  In 2013, Foreign Minister Albert del Rosario clarified that due to constitutional constraints, the creation of a U.S. military facility would only be allowed if it was controlled by the Philippine military.
 According to some reports, the agreement would include joint access to the Philippine military, but not to civilian facilities.  In 1991, other important U.S. military installations were Clark Air Force Base in Pampanga — formerly known as Fort Stotsenberg — and Camp John Hay in Baguio City. . . .